Electric Vehicles 

The Maryland Department of Transportation (MDOT) is actively collaborating on and sharing information and research that support electric vehicle (EV) technologies and infrastructure to improve safety, mobility, community prosperity, connectivity and quality of life.

EVs are powered by electric motors that use energy stored in batteries. There are currently two main types of EVs available for purchase: battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). BEVs are fully electric and have rechargeable batteries that can be charged at home or at publicly available charging stations. PHEVS use a combination of a battery and gasoline-powered internal combustion engine. Both BEVs and PHEVs produce fewer emissions than conventional vehicles.

On May 17, 2021, the United State Department of Energy (USDOE) announced that the national average fuel cost for an Electric Vehicle (EV) was about 60% less than the standard gasoline vehicle. The comparison looked at the cost of an Egallon, or the cost to drive an EV the same distance as a gasoline vehicle can travel on one gallon of gasoline, to the price per gallon of gasoline. More information about this comparison can be found here.

MDOT Staff Contact:
Virginia Burke, AICP
Transportation Air Quality Program Manager, Office of Planning and Capital Programming